Steps to Install Active Directory on Windows XP or Later Versions

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Are you a Windows XP user? Do you want to install Active Directory on your computer? Are you skeptical about installing the AD domain on your system all by yourself? AD needs to be installed manually on Windows XP, but it is not as difficult as it seems to be. The steps involved in installing the AD domain on Windows XP or later are so simple that even a child can carry out the whole procedure. It will take hardly a few minutes and you need not seek any help from a tech savvy person!

The control panel function for the Active Directory Users and Groups allows the system administrators to modify, delete, and add accounts on their respective network directories and hence, it is an inevitable tool for them. But note that this AD utility is installed on the Windows Server OS by default. Therefore, if you want to install Active Directory tool on Windows XP or the later versions, you must do it manually via the MMC (Microsoft Management Console).

So, if you are a user of Windows XP or later, here are the steps that you must follow to get the AD utility installed on your system –

Step 1: Once you have logged into your system as an administrator, go to the Start Menu and select 'Run'.

Step.2: Key in 'mmc' in the Run dialog box that appears and hit 'Enter'. This will launch the MMC utility on your system.

Step.3: In the top menu bar, select 'File'> 'Add / Remove Snap-in'

Step 4: You will now be presented with a pop-up screen. Select 'Add' at the bottom of this window and go to the next step.

Step 5: Here, you will be presented with a list of all available tools. Mark the tool called 'AD users and Computers' and click 'Add'.

Step 6: In the next window, select Close> OK

Step 7: To apply the new settings and install active directory, you must now reboot your system. Once the computer restarts, you can find the AD tool in the Control Panel, within the 'Administrative Tools' folder.

If you follow these steps carefully, you can get the AD domain installed very easily on Windows XP OS. Note that there are different steps that you must follow to create and configure active directory domains on different systems. So, make sure you are following the right steps for the right system. Moreover, there are a number of things that you must be prepared with before you go ahead with the AD installation on your system.

Thus, if you are well prepared before you install Active Directory and exercise due caution while following the given procedure, AD installation will be a cakewalk for you!

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Source by Sharath Reddy

Working With Anaphraseus In Openoffice

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CAT is a term for Computer Aided Translation. It is software that constantly (when it is active) stores pairs of translated and original texts into its Translation Memory (TM). When a translator translates a document, the software suggests him or her all previously translated texts from its TM.

CAT is a term not used for machine translation, which is a different thing. CAT software usually works hand in hand with editors like MS Word or Openoffice.org; it compares the text stored in TM with the document's one and gives suggestions to the translator.

There are many commercial CAT tools on the market today like Trados, minimalist Wordfast or Metatexis. Wordfast, for example, is not a standalone software and requires MS Word (it works as a macro in it).

Anaphraseus: CAT With OpenOffice.org

Anaphraseus as the extension for OpenOffice.org installs directly from the OOo's menu: Tools | Extension Manager, where you just click on the Get more extensions here … text. In the OOo extensions website, which appears in your default browser after clicking on the above text, you will find Anaphraseus.

You will get a file with an OXT extension (some older versions used a Zip format). After downloading it, click on the Add button in the OOo Extension Manager window and find the OXT file on your PC. When done, read the license and scroll down to accept it. After you click on the Accept button Anaphraseus will permanently move to your OOo Extension Manager.

Anaphraseus is not platform dependent but OOo dependent. It works in OpenOffice, no matter if you work with Windows, Linux, FreeBSD, OS / 2, or even OpenBSD. This nice CAT extension is compatible with OpenOffice.org 2.1 and higher; StarOffice 8, Update 5 or higher, and it will give you the following possibilities:

* Term Recognition

* Fuzzy Search

* Unicode UTF-16 TMX Export / Import

* Plain text and Unicode UTF-16 TM

* User Glossary

After the installation you need to restart OpenOffice.org for the changes to take effect. You will then see a new panel with the Anaphraseus icons appearing in the OOo environment.

To make your first translation, create (or import) your 1) Translation Memory; 2) open a document with your desired source language; and 3) start translating it by clicking on the Alt + Down button on the Anaphraseus icon panel.

Translation Memory

The first step is to create (or possibly to import) your TM. To do this, click on the Anaphraseus Setup icon, select New, and then enter pertinent TMX codes, which you will need for cases you decide to export your TM later (see Little Glossary at the bottom). You will need a separate TM for every language combination – for example, if you translate from German to Polish, this combination – that is, this TM is not good for translation from Polish to German.

The software allows you to work with many Translation Memories. You can use them for any translation job; for example, bible-italian2eng.txt (from Italian to English) or bible-eng2italian.txt (from English to Italian) will be your TM's for biblical translation projects (both Wordfast and Anaphraseus use TXT format in their TM's).

A little CAT glossary

TMX

In Computer Aided Translation you use the Translation Memory eXchange (TMX) format (XML) because translators often need to migrate (export / import) their TM's to a variety of CAT tools they use. It is a translator's right to choose any CAT software and in case a group of translators works on a project, they can thus share their TM's. Many CAT tools use their own (proprietary) Translation Memory formats and TMX helps translators and translating agencies share their TM's easily. For example, you export your TM from a proprietary CAT application's format (like Trados, etc.) to the TMX format and then you import this TMX format to Anaphraseus (or to any other CAT tool).

TMX is a type of database with various codes that identify languages ​​(CS-01 for the Czech language, EN-US for US English, etc.).

Unicode

If Anaphraseus asks you whether you want to use Unicode, you need to know that CAT software may have problems to display words with diacritical marks such as those used in East-European languages. By the term "displaying" I mean that once the source and target sentences get to TM, Anaphraseus will compare the source sentence in the document with the one in its TM and will show you the target sentence if it meets certain criteria. With the Unicode font it will display correctly all the fonts. If you do not work with Western-type languages, it is always a good idea to use Unicode.

Cleaning Up

The term "clean up the document" in CAT terminology means that you remove the original (source) text from the document, which keeps staying there for editing purposes. Both source and target segments are delimited with color markers such as {0> and you may not delete them from the document (of course, you can, but only by "cleaning up the document"). Authors of CAT tools know that translators need to compare the original text with the translated one even after the translation is finished. In addition to the fact that Anaphraseus (and many other CAT tools) saves pairs of sentences in its TM you will also have these pairs embedded in the document until you clean it.

If the document is not yet cleaned, you may always click on the Arrow Down button on the Anaphraseus toolbar, compare the source (original) text with the translated one, and continue editing it. When you are finished, choose CLEAN UP. The software will ask you if you want to update your Translation Memory. All color markers and source sentences will disappear from the document and you will only see your final work (the text you translated).

Conclusion

Anaphraseus does not have all the functions of commercial applications (such as Pandora's box, etc.), but not all translators need comprehensive solutions every hour and every day. OpenOffice.org has thus become not only a complex and very useful tool for translators, but also a little star on your way to freedom.

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Source by Juraj Sipos

PHP Renders Improved Performance, Reliability, Versatility, Speed ​​and Efficiency

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PHP is indeed is the choice that you can come up with when talking about dynamic website development. Being an open source, PHP is a general purpose scripting language that is best known for capabilities and potential in web development. Its ultimate feature of getting effortlessly embedded in into HTML makes it extremely popular and the widely used programming language for dynamic website development. Even expert web development services providers accept PHP, the scripting language as an immensely powerful tool for designing dynamic web pages.

Much Better in comparison to other programming languages

The biggest attribute attached with PHP is its aspect of being absolutely free of cost for the purpose of website programming development. It does not require any initial amount of investment and supports numerous databases such as Oracle, MySQL, SQL Server and MS Access. In fact, this is one reason why ,. Most websites built on ASP are now getting shifted on PHP. PHP much faster than ASP, and its programming is typically an alternative to ASP, Cold Fusion and ASP.NET. Its is the aspect of versatility that has brought PHP faster speed and the worldwide popularity. All these features and many more have made PHP an absolute solution for contemporary businesses to built their their web based applications, effortlessly and economically. PHP is an ideal indispensable part of today's web development services. Also while rendering PHP development services, the use of PHP scripts are made in three areas- Command Line Scripting, Server Side Scripting and writing desktop applications.

The versatility of PHP development services

PHP works with almost every contemporary operating system. This includes Linux, Microsoft Windows, Mac OS X, many Unix variants such as HP-UX, Solaris and OpenBSD, RISC OS, and more. It also renders flawless support for most of the web servers including Netscape, Apache, Personal Web Server, Microsoft Internet Information Server, Caudium, and iPlanet servers, Oreilly Website Pro server ,, Xitami, OmniHTTPd, and the list goes on. PHP has a module that works with most of the servers, and for other supporting the CGI standard, it works as a CGI processor. Hence, without laying any restrictions, PHP provides you with the freedom to choose choose your operating system and web server, as per your requirements.

In addition, the choice of using either procedural programming or object oriented programming, or a blend of both is also available. Not aiming at restricting output HTML only, PHP's abilities count in outputting images along with PDF files and even Flash videos.

In web development services, PHP has actually brought in much advanced method to introduce website by building it highly attractive and interactive at the same time. Moreover, it is of great of ease to simply extend this language and meet the customized requirements of businesses since it has modular system that can be effortlessly integrated with a broad range of libraries including those for graphics and XML (Extensible Markup Language).

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Source by Tarun Gupta

The Speed ​​of CSLA Vs Open Source Alternatives

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Standing for Component-based Scalable Logical Architecture, CSLA.NET is a software development framework designed to manage the cost of building and maintaining applications. By focusing on object-based design, CSLA gives all of its created business objects full functionality with all.NET platforms. CSLA is widely preferred because of its versatility and detailed documentation. The great barriers to successful CSLA implementation stand with the challenging learning curve and its complexity; these factors lead some to consider other options.

Businesses gravitate toward CSLA because of its ease of use with other critical programs and platforms. The latest incarnation of CSLA.NET, version 4.3, functions with Microsoft.NET 4.0, Visual Studio 2010, and Silverlight 5. As demand continues to increase for strong mobile applications, CSLA 4.3 also supports mobile devices, including Linux, Android, and Mac OSX.

Utility aside, some critics argue that CSLA's learning curve makes it unsuitable for some business needs. In theory, small businesses enjoy neither the time nor the budget necessary to learn the program or hire experts. CSLA's sole documentation comes in the form of creator Rockford Lhotka's books, and while they are not prohibitively expensive, some may balk at the proposition of learning a software development framework from a book. The alternative would be to seek a mentor in a classroom environment, but the cost – and perhaps more significantly, the time – involved could form a barrier to entry. Even with training, businesses will need least one person with expert knowledge of things like serialization, generics, and programming using abstract classes. Though no software development framework is "easy" to learn, other open-source alternatives may provide a simpler solution. Likewise, the belief in CSLA's "feature bloat" usually comes from those with a specific need as opposed to CSLA's broad applications. For a fledgling business with a small project, CSLA's powerful capabilities could become unnecessary complications.

Other users cite frustration with CSLA's reliance on reflection over interface method implementation. CSLA's DataPortal uses reflection to identify an object's data save and retrieve behavior, which can lead to problems when debugging code. Specifically, reflection will negate compile time during DataPortal's runtime, increasing the threat of deploying buggy code. Furthermore, reflection's detractors claim it is slow, especially when compared to static code execution.

Lhotka Developed the primordial version of CSLA.NET in 1998, and its long history of refinement Currently has afforded it the ImageChef of the "alpha and omega" of open-source software development frameworks. To some, its over-arching capabilities will require too intricate knowledge for efficient use because of budget and time constraints. Those without the expertise or finances to take full advantage of CSLA.NET's offerings should consider a more narrowly-focused open-source alternative. For enterprises who have the means to take full advantage, however, it remains one of the market's top choices for open-source.NET development frameworks.

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Source by Chandra Heitzman

What Is a Legacy Computer System?

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A legacy computer system is one that is outdated either in terms of hardware or software. At the time of writing, any computer running a version of Windows below Windows 7 is usually considered to be a legacy system, because this is the latest version currently available. (This also applies to computers running earlier versions of any other operating system, such as Linux)

Unlike a lot of other items, which tend to last for a long time, computers seem to go out of date extremely quickly, which can cause problems if equipment is not updated where necessary, especially within businesses.

This is because of a phenomenon known as Moore's Law, which is the prediction that every 18 months or so, computer capability doubles.

For example, if the most advanced specification available is 1GB Ram with a 2Ghz processor one year, it would be double that value after 18 months.

I have found over the years that there are both advantages and disadvantages to using legacy systems.

One of the advantages is that some older programs will only run on older computer systems, such as some of the early games produced by various companies.

Another advantage of these systems is that, because they are so out of date, they are often cheap to obtain, and can therefore be ideal for anyone who has never used a computer before, or who only needs it for basic functions, for example word processing.

Also, although legacy systems are older, they are also normally more stable. This is because update patches are usually released once a month from when the operating system is released to around 5 years later. (This only applies to Windows operating systems)

However, using one of these systems can often mean you get left behind rather quickly if you want to run any newer games and software or use any newer hardware, such as printers or scanners, which are not always backward-compatible with older systems.

This is mainly because as hardware capabilities increase, so do the demands of any software that is created, because developers always aim to take full advantage of new technology wherever they can, to enhance the user experience.

Overall, I would recommend that you consider what purpose you need a computer system for when choosing whether to use a new computer or an older system. In other words, for reliability, choose an older system and for higher performance levels, choose a newer system.

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Source by John A Courtenay

Where Microsoft Is Excel Used?

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Whether you work at an accounting firm, a marketing company, an auto dealership, a school attendance office, a manufacturing plant's human resources department, or an office associated with city, county, state or federal government, chances are, you'll be called upon to use and learn Excel.

Just about every workplace has a demand for Excel, the computing world's most commonly used software program for comparative data analysis. Excel has been available in various incarnations for more than a decade. Each subsequent release takes the program to new territory.

Popularly known as the best spreadsheet program on the market, Excel is powerful, easy to use, and remarkably efficient. Excel is highly interactive. Its spreadsheet cells are arranged in a collection of rows and columns, each of which can hold a number, a text string, or a formula that performs a function, such as calculation. It's easy to copy and move cells as well as modify formulas. The spreadsheet is displayed on the computer screen in a scrollable window that allows the document to be as deep or as wide as required.

Working for a major newspaper in Northern California, I was one of several reporters involved in the annual evaluation of our county's economy. The job involved collecting data that would be punched into Excel spreadsheets that ultimately ranked information according to the category of statistics being reviewed.

The beauty of Excel, from the standpoint of newspaper research projects, is that you can use formulas to recalculate results by changing any of the cells they use. With this model, you can use the same spreadsheet data to achieve various results by simply defining and changing formulas as desired. It is this feature that makes Excel so useful in so many different arenas.

With a click of the mouse, we reporters were able to get answers to a wide variety of questions. Which employers had the greatest number of workers? Which ones had the highest amount of gross annual receipts? Which ones appeared to be growing and which ones had declining sales? What was the volume of real estate loans and had there been a decline or increase from the previous year?

We looked at local and national retail, services, financial institutions, government entities, agriculture, the wine industry, tourism and hospitality, manufacturing, residential and commercial real estate, everything imaginable.

Excel allowed us to examine ratios, percentages, and anything else we wanted to scrutinize. Finally, we were able to use Excel to compare the results to data from previous years.

Since reporters tend to be former English majors, most of those who worked on this annual project were more familiar with Microsoft Word than any other software program. Therefore, most were required to undergo Excel training . For some, learning Excel was easier than for others. A few relied on guides such as Microsoft Excel Bible. Underwent an Reporters Some Excel tutorial The while others learned by vBulletin® doing.

Not only were the Excel spreadsheets crucial to the research, the format of each was published in the newspaper. Here is where some additional Excel functions came into play. Editors were able to make the spreadsheets more visually appealing by using colors and shading, borders and lines, and other features that made the spreadsheets easy for readers to decipher.

Wearing another of my several hats in the newsroom, I often wrote articles concerning the local job market. I found proficiency in Excel was a requirement for a wide variety of employment positions and that area recruiting firms offered their clients opportunities to take free or low-cost Excel tutorials in preparation for the workplace. Most employers expect job candidates to already know the software that the work will require and do not want to have to train new hires.

Do not kid yourself. If you're seeking any kind of office work, you'll need to know not only Microsoft Word but also Excel.

Excel and Microsoft are trademarks of Microsoft Corporation , registered in the US and other countries.

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Source by Sheri Graves

Alternative Operating Systems for Mobile Devices

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Undoubtedly, Android has a greater advantage over iOS in terms of extending the functionality of mobile devices. Android has a host of applications that add more features to what the phone of tablet can do by default. Moreover, the installation of mobile apps provides third-party providers easy access to users when delivering their services. For instance, feed apps provide daily updates in real-time to users who read the news and weather reports using their mobile device. However, Android and Apple's proprietary operating system are not the only firmware available to users.

Ubuntu for Android Phones and Tablets

The default Ice Cream Sandwich or Jelly Bean operating system in Android phones was developed from a Linux-based architecture. Although they perform well according to the hardware's specifications, users who prefer an operating system similar to the one they have in their desktop computers or laptops can get Ubuntu for mobile use. Versions 12.x or higher of this Linux distro have been re-engineered to function with touch screens and run efficiently on portable electronic devices.

Ubuntu for Android works effectively on multi-core high-end phones and tablets. Users can open multiple tabs in browsers and open several applications at the same time. Plus, the tablet or smartphone can handle two workspaces together, too, just like with a desktop computer. Through over-the-air updates, the firmware gets upgraded with the latest version and allows more applications to work efficiently on its system. The software comes with default applications, such as the Ubuntu Music Player, Chromium Web browser, Google Calendar, Thunderbird E-mail client, Google Docs, VLC Player, Ubuntu Photo Gallery, PiTiVi, Gwibber and Android dialer.

Symbian Belle for Nokia Smartphones

Nokia has been a leader in the mobile industry. Most phone users probably started with a Nokia than any other brand. However, the advancements in mobile technology have shifted user preferences towards phones with operating systems that developers can create applications for quickly. This is why Android took the lead from iOS within a few years. This also means that Nokia must also change along with the trends.

In response, the company has developed Nokia Belle, which is the newest firmware update for their smartphones that operate on Symbian S60, which include Nokia N8, Nokia C7, Nokia C6-01, Nokia E7, Nokia X7, Nokia E6, and Nokia 500 . Owners of these units may upgrade to Belle through the desktop suite or through their network provider. After the update, the new OS allows up to six home screens that can be customized with dynamic and live widgets. It has a pull-down taskbar and improved apps for navigation, image editing, and web browsing. On the whole, the new user interface has similar features as an Android phone.

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Source by Michael Birsch

How to Play Mexican Poker

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These days, playing the game of poker has become a trend. Every second person is seen playing the game and there is no harm in it as well. If you are looking out for one of the best types of poker games then you can play Mexican Poker. This game is best suitable for all those individuals who want to play poker in a large group. Moreover, the rules of the game are highly simple and you can enjoy playing it for long without troubling yourself at all.

Here are mentioned the steps that you can follow in order to play Mexican Poker with your friends and enjoy to the maximum extent possible.

  1. Firstly, the players should know that minimum four players are required for playing this version of poker card game. In addition, you need four decks of playing cards for Mexican Poker. If you want to add more people to the group, you need to add more decks of cards as well. A simple rule to remember is to add one deck of cards for every two players.
  2. Now you need to shuffle the four decks of cards together and deal the cards to the players sitting around the table. The numbers of cards to be dealt depends on the hand that you would be playing. After you are done with dealing cards, the undistributed cards can be placed in the center of the table. You should remove the top card from the pile and place it by its side facing up. This would be the pile to keep discarded cards.
  3. The game begins with the player sitting left to the dealer. The player has to make a set of hands depending on the kind of game you are dealing with. The player can pick a card either from undistributed pile or discard pile and tries to make a set. Afterwards, the player can discard it.
  4. Once the required set has been discarded by a player he can begin with laying down cards that any of the players has put down. The session of laying down the cards continue until one of the players is not left with any cards.
  5. After this point the points are given to the cards each player is left with in his hand. 20 points are given for J, Q, K and aces. Card number 10 is of 10 points. 5 points are given to cards with numbers 3 to 9. 40 points are given to card number 2.
  6. After summing up the points, the player with least point value is the winner.

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Source by Pankaj Diya Gupta

What is the Difference Between OMR Readers and OMR Software?

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So you finally figured you need a way to automatically mark exams or surveys? You may have already read about OMR (short for Optical Mark Recognition or Optical Mark Reading) which is the process of computerized imaging equipment detecting marks made on paper forms used.

OMR is not a new technology, it has become widely used since the 1960s. The 1990s introduced a lot of changes in both cost of and features associated with OMR. Notably, the 90's saw the adoption of OMR software over the traditional OMR reader. While they both achieve the same basic purpose, OMR reader solutions are completely different from OMR software / scanner solutions. You should be well informed of what the differences are before making a decision to purchase one or the other.

OMR Readers

Once an extremely expensive machine, the OMR reader has become much cheaper over the years and is now quite affordable for most organizations. The most important point for people to remember with OMR readers is that they are NOT image scanners. OMR readers consist of a number of LEDs (Light Emitting Diodes), often between 40-50 of them which shine reflected beams of light toward forms passed through them at a timed speed. The reflection of this light helps sensors in the OMR reader determine if marks have been placed in the form's "bubbles". Most OMR readers read forms that are professionally printed and contain "timing tracks" that assist the reader in determining which row of bubbles the machine is reading. OMR readers can also have adaptors for barcode detection to help assist in the automation process of matching form responses to their responder.

Pros:

  • OMR readers can have the ability to have separate hoppers for automatically rejected forms.
  • You can pack more bubbles into an OMR reader form than one read by OMR software as most OMR software applications use silhouette extraction and are sensitive to closely located objects.
  • Faster when compared to low-end document scanners.

Cons:

  • While speed was once the biggest benefit of OMR readers, high-end document scanners such as the Canon DR-X10C have recently caught up to the speed of OMR readers for a similar price. Hence, speed is not always a benefit of OMR readers.
  • OMR readers are still considerably more expensive than a document scanner / software solution.
  • OMR readers can not record handwritten (ICR) or typed data (OCR).
  • OMR reader forms are not as customizable as software forms.
  • You can not easily print your own customized forms as the bubbles may not always line up with the timing tracks and columns. Usually requires you to purchase OMR forms.
  • You do not get a digitized copy of the form.
  • Can not automatically de-skew forms. Forms must be fed in straight.
  • Can not read pen marks without an ink reader or paying more money for support that is built-in.
  • Can not read barcodes without adding a barcode adaptor or paying more money for one that is built-in.

Best suited for:

  • Large scale OMR projects where you do not want to sort through unrecognized pages.
  • People who want high density mark forms.
  • People who already have an existing OMR reader and do not want to re-train staff to use OMR software.

OMR Software

Software based OMR requires an image scanner to work. That is, OMR software extracts mark data from computer images such as TIFF files. An image scanner is generally a flatbed scanner or document scanner. Some OMR software applications can also read data from images taken by digital cameras and fax machines. Please note that the features and implementation of OMR software applications vary greatly, you will also need to compare these when selecting an OMR software application.

Pros:

  • Forms are customizable and interchangeable when scanning.
  • Image scanners can be used for more than just OMR scanning.
  • OMR software forms do not need to be as exact in alignment as OMR reader forms.
  • Can optionally read barcodes, handwritten information (ICR) and typed information (OCR).
  • Allows you to keep a digitized copy of the form.
  • Cheaper than OMR readers.
  • Can optionally automatically de-skew. Forms can be automatically rotated to make the images straight.
  • Can read blue pen and pencil easily.
  • Can read any barcode type the OMR software supports.
  • Better automation with automatic ID generation / reconciliation and form personalization.

Cons:

  • Cheaper document scanners can only hold small amounts of paper (between 50-100 pages)
  • Cheaper document scanners have low duty cycles (around 3000 pages per day)
  • Can not put bubbles as close together as OMR reader forms.
  • Can not physically sort unrecognized documents.

Best suited for:

  • Everyone except the cases stated above.

Conclusion

OMR software has consumed a lot of the OMR hardware market in the last decade because of its flexibility and power. However, a market still exists for OMR readers and will continue to do so until low-end document scanners catch up to the speed of the average OMR reader. It will also exist until someone develops a way to automatically sort forms that are unrecognized. The best advice if you are looking at OMR readers is to determine if you are one of the people who it is best suited to. Also, compare prices of OMR readers for the number of forms you want to process versus the cost of one or more document scanners that have an appropriate speed and duty cycle combined with a decent OMR software system.

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Source by Roland Quast

The Effects of Information Technology on Management

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In today's business climate, technology is advancing more rapidly than many organizations can keep up with. Frequently, a number of the larger corporations, and even small to medium-sized businesses as well, now hire technology consultants and highly educated technical staff to keep their organizations competitive and up to date with the latest technological changes and improved software and equipment that can make their businesses more efficient and productive. However, the advantages for these businesses that do stay informed and up to date with the latest technological changes is that they are able to increase revenues and profits at a faster pace and promulgate the overall success of the company.

Technology is quickly becoming a key factor in any type of business, and the latest technological innovations are what are leading to not only increased sales and exposure, but also less costly methods of marketing and advertising and greatly increased productivity. In manufacturing, many processes that were once performed manually or machines that were operated by manpower are now being operated remotely and run by automated processes. With decreased opportunities for employment in manufacturing and less skilled trades, many workers are gaining an education and expanding their own personal skills to accommodate a changing business environment.

In administrative functions, computers have offered the benefits of readily accessible databases of information and streamlined processes as well. Virtual offices and even telephone answering systems that operate as robotic receptionists have decreased the need for many positions here as well and offered businesses a more cost-effective approach to completing simpler office tasks. In terms of sales, the internet has helped open the doors for increased globalization and the ability to increase profits by reaching more people at one time. As a result, telemarketing and door to door sales calls have become not only unwelcomed by the general public, but also an outdated means of selling goods and services.

While the overall benefit to the end consumer is lower prices, businesses still reap the rewards of these decreased costs of operation and also greater efficiency and organization. For management, the increased reliance on information technology creates a number of issues. In terms of human resources, today's human resources managers are searching for employees that are well trained with computers and know how to operate the latest technological equipment. In addition, a number of today's top firms are hiring employees that telecommute or work from a remote location, and managers are now frequently managing teams from in front of a computer.

Another aspect of increased information technology that affects today's management is security. Hacking, phishing, and other online security threats can create real issues for any type of business, but today's managers have to be prepared to deal with these kinds of threats, teach the importance of security to employees, and know how to react when security has been breached.

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Source by Christopher D. West